Dating randolph county il
The boundary of the State, however, follows the old course of the river, leaving Illinois with an exclave on the western shore of the Mississippi River.A smaller enclave, Crains Island, is a few miles further down the river.
The county is part of Southern Illinois in the southern portion of the state known locally as "Little Egypt", and includes fertile river flats, part of the American Bottom; it is near the Greater St. Randolph County was organized in 1795 out of a part of St. It was named in honor of Edmund Randolph, Governor of Virginia.
Edmund Randolph was Governor of Virginia at the time Virginia ceded the Northwest Territory to the United States.
In 1809, when Illinois became a separate territory, Territorial Secretary Nathaniel Pope, in his capacity as acting governor, issued a proclamation establishing Randoloph as one of the Illinois' two original counties.
The county's boundaries were last changed in 1827, when land was taken to form Perry County.
The Mississippi River has played a prominent role in the county's history, altering its boundaries in 1881 when it severed the isthmus that connected Kaskaskia to the Illinois mainland, destroying the original village of Kaskaskia and forcing its historic cemetery to be relocated across the river to Fort Kaskaskia.
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The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% white, 9.7% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races.