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The two zones were connected at an intersection of Chłodna with Żelazna Street, where a special gate was built.
In January 1942, the gate was removed and a wooden footbridge was built over it, Two Jewish Ghetto policemen guarding the gates of the Warsaw Ghetto, June 1942 Żelazna Street (looking South) from the intersection with Chłodna Street.
By the end of the September campaign the number of Jews in and around the capital increased dramatically with thousands of refugees escaping the Polish-German front in any possible way, often on foot.
The Jewish Council (Judenrat) in Warsaw was formed by the Nazis on October 7.
(German: Warschauer Ghetto, officially Jüdischer Wohnbezirk in Warschau, "Jewish Residential District in Warsaw"; Polish: getto warszawskie) was the largest of all the Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Europe during World War II.
It was established by the German authorities in November 1940; within the new General Government territory of German-occupied Poland.
— Lucy Dawidowicz, The War Against the Jews formed at the end of September 1940 with 3,000 men, instrumental in enforcing law and order as well as carrying out German ad-hoc regulations, especially after 1941, when the number of refugees and expellees in Warsaw reached 150,000 or nearly one third of the entire Jewish population of the capital.
In January 1940 there were 1540 Catholics and 221 individuals of other Christian faith imprisoned in the Ghetto, including Jewish converts.
He was an attritionist best known for orchestrating an "artificial famine" (künstliche Hungersnot) in January 1941.On the orders of Warsaw District Governor, Ludwig Fischer, the Ghetto wall construction started on April 1, 1940, circling the area of Warsaw inhabited predominantly by Jews. The wall around it was typically 3 m (9.8 ft) high and topped with barbed wire. German policemen from Battalion 61 used to hold victory parties on the days when a large number of prisoners were shot at the ghetto fence.The area south-east of Chłodna was known as the "Small Ghetto", while the area north of it became known as the "Large Ghetto".Meanwhile, the German fifth column members of Selbstschutz (detained by the defenders of Warsaw) were released immediately.The commander of EG IV, SS-Standartenführer Josef Meisinger (the "Butcher of Warsaw"), was appointed chief of police for the newly formed Distrikt Warschau.