Relative dating methods in archeology
Clay tablets found in West Asia contain inscriptional evidence with regard to the occurrence of a solar eclipse.
Specialists in the field of astronomical research placed this solar eclipse as on 15 June 763 B. The Almanac belonging to Maya culture of Central America helped in dating several important sites accurately on the basis of astronomy.
The various methods of relative dating are; This method depends on the common observation that the height of the habitational area increases as the people continue to live at the same place.Once a type has been classified by the aid of its context further specimen of the same type, even when found in isolation, can be assigned their place in terms of dates.Association in simplicity can be illustrated by an example, at the port of Arikamedu near Pondicherry.Astronomical data have been applied in the study of geological ice ages by calculating the curves for major fluctuation of solar radiation.Consequently, the chronology worked out for the geological deposits helped in dating the prehistoric tools found in these deposits. There are certain antiquities and potteries which by themselves have acquired a dating value.
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However this formula has not been accepted by many archaeologists.